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AONLH(1) - Basics

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2019/06/04 Share

Intro

从今年四月份开始一直想要系统地学习一下德州扑克关于GTO(Game Theory Optimal)的理论和技术,但是一直没有时间也没有动力。最近忙完了学习生活中的主要的事情,所以想静下心来学习一下这一部分的内容,并看看有没有机会尝试将它应用在实践当中。经过一些调查,选择了Application Of No-Limit Hold’em这本书。我大致翻阅了一下这本书,还不好有太多的评价,但是整体的结构非常清爽,和绝大多数的英文教材一样由浅入深、由表及里。为了督促自己能够坚持把这本书读完,所以想在自己的blog上记录一下每天阅读的收获,必要部分会进行一些摘录和翻译。今天就将这本书第一章基础内容的summary做一些摘录。

Chap No.1 Summary

  1. Pot odds are the ratio of the current size of the pot to the cost of a potential call. They are critical for determining how often we need to expect to win to justify a call.

赔率指的是当前pot中的筹码量和当前需要call的筹码量,这对于我们是否决定call当前的bet有着至关重要的决定性作用。

  1. Equity tells us the odds a hand will be the best hand by the river against an opponent’s hand or range.

Equity指的是我们的牌在河牌成为相对对手手牌的最强牌的概率。

  1. The expected value of a hand tells us how much money we expect to win when we take a certain line. It considers all money invested in the pot as dead money up to the current decision.

一手牌的期望价值(Expected Value, EV)指的是我们在当前line中期望得到的价值,它将所有在当前决定之前已经投入到pot当中的投资当做死钱(Dead Money)。

  1. Hands with more equity are not necessarily better than hands with less equity. It’s important our hand retains its equity against our opponent’s raising and calling ranges. That’s why hands like the 98s are almost always better than hands like the A7o.

有着更高equity的手牌不一定比更低equity的手牌更好。好的手牌必须要在对方的raise和call下依旧保持它的equity。这就是为什么89同花比A7不同花要更好的原因。

  1. Hands cannot simply be ranked from strongest to weakest. Different hands perform better in different spots. For example, 33o在multiway的局面下比AQo要更好,而AQo在heads up局面下更好。

  2. A polarized range consists of mostly strong and weak hands. A condensed range consists of mostly medium strength hands. A betting or raising range will often but not always be polarized, and a calling range will often be condensed.

一个两极化的范围主要由强牌和弱牌组成,一个紧缩的范围则主要由中等牌力的牌构成。一个bet了的和raise了的范围经常但不总是两极化的,一个call的范围则经常是紧缩的。

  1. Our betting range will almost always be polarized on the river. If we bluff too much, a strong opponent will always call with his bluff catchers, and if we bluff too little, he will always fold his bluff catchers. Thus, our goal is to make this player indifferent to calling and folding with his marginal hands.

在河牌bet几乎总是让我们的范围两极化。如果我们bluff的频率过高,一个强大的对手将会总是用他的bluff catcher来call,而如果我们bluff的频率过低,他又会总是在河牌fold掉他的bluff catcher。因此我们的目标是让我们的对手在河牌(如果他的手里是一个中等牌力的bluff catcher)的决策(call还是fold)显得无关紧要。

  1. Hands cannot always be classified as either a value bet or a bluff. This is especially true on the flop when a bet can have both bluffing and value properties.

一手牌不能够总是被分成value bet或是bluff。这一点在翻牌轮上尤其正确,因为有时在翻牌轮上的bet既有bluff也有value bet的性质。

  1. Our opponent should often be close to indifferent between bluffing and folding the worst hands in his bluffing range.

我们需要将我们对手的bluff保持在一个无关紧要的状态(这意味着我们要以一定频率进行适当地支付,将对手在bluff上的EV维持在0左右)

  1. Being in position provides many benefits and greatly increases the profitability of a player’s range.

在优势位置进行游戏为我们提供了非常多的好处并且大幅提升了玩家的盈利能力。

CATALOG
  1. 1. Intro
  2. 2. Chap No.1 Summary